Elāhi Elāhi lemānā sebaqtāni? ܐܠܗܝ ܐܠܗܝ ܠܡܢܐ ܫܒܩܬܢܝ؟

eli-eli-mark

One of the most fascinating gospel passage to me is where  Jesus cried for God’s help on the cross. It was supposedly Jesus’s last utterance and amazingly it is still preserved in his native tongue of Aramaic:

ܐܰܠܳܗܝ ܐܰܠܳܗܝ ܠܡܳܢܳܐ ܫܒ݂ܰܩܬ݁ܳܢܝ ؟

Elāhi Elāhi lemānā sebaqtāni?

[Mark 15:34]

  • My Aramaic transliteration follows the  following convention here and the 1905/1920 BFBS/UBS Peshitta text with western (Galilean) Aramaic vowel signs
  • Unfortunately some of the devices like  Android do not support Syriac unicode

 

“My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?”


Etymological connection with Arabic Allāh (الله)

Aramaic  Elahi (ܐܠܗ) spelled Ālaph Lāmadh Hē Yudh in the passage cognates with Arabic Ilahi (إلهي) Alif lām Mim yāʼ , so in Arabic it translates to:

إِلَهِي إِلَهِي لِمَاذَا تَرَكْتَنِي؟

Ilahi Ilahi Limādhā taraktanī

Ilahi (إلهي) can be broken down into: noun Ism (اسم)  ⇒“God” Ilah (اله) + genitive jointed pronoun dhomir muttasil (ضَمِيْرٌ مُتَّصِلٌ) ⇒”my” (ي)

So the term  Allāh (الله) is derived from a contraction of the Arabic definite article  Al (ال) ⇒ “the” and Ilah (اله) ⇒ “deity, god” thus become definite noun makrifat (معرفة) Al-lāh which means “the  God”

So the fact the cognate of the name “Allāh” exist in Aramaic and was used by Jesus is undeniable proof that  Jesus has God and His name  is Allāh (الله).


Now the most intriguing thing to me from this passage is why should Jesus have thought himself as being abandoned from God at the very moment when, according to christian theology, he was triumphantly fulfilling God’s plan??

Are we seriously to believe that Jesus, who was supposed to be god according to trinitarian logic was defeated and died in deep depression and anguish??

Fortunately Muslims are required to believe  Jesus  is a great and honourable prophet of God. In the Qur’an we are told that God has heard Jesus’s cry for help and helped him. Jesus did not die on a cross but God miraculously took Jesus’s body and soul into the heavens and God made it appear to his enemies eyes that Jesus was crucified.

وَقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَٰكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ ۚ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ ۚ مَا لَهُم بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلَّا اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ ۚ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينًا

بَل رَّفَعَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا

 And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.

Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise.

Sadaqa Allaahu al-‘Azeem ≡ Almighty God has spoken the truth



Categories: Christianity, Islam

Tags: , , ,

2 replies

  1. Great point.

    I know it’s a theory and not established (as far as I’m aware) that Judas (who is said to have betrayed Jesus p) was placed on the cross rather than Jesus. This would make sense with relation to the claim the person on the cross thought God had abandoned him.

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    • Yes, regarding Jesus (p) death, I know some opinion among muslims scholars based on verse Q 4:157 that God miraculously made Judas in place of Jesus. Supposing the surviving Aramaic phrases in Mark was the true utterance of Jesus It could only be after the cry then God made miraculous swapping and then took Jesus body and soul into the heavens. However the swapping could happen long before that agonising ordeal on the cross so it could well be the utterances of Judas because he could spoke Aramaic too the common language of Judea – Palestinian world in the first century AD. Allah Knows best what truly happened

      Whichever the opinions the Qur’an does not give us the detail surrounding the crucifixion but emphasis the genuine triumphant of God prophets and that God does not forsake the righteous and those who put trust in God. Even in John 16:32 Jesus ever said that his God never abandon him otherwise this would have contradicted himself.

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