Christians at the time of Papias believed the Paraclete to be a human being (a prophet) not the Holy Spirit:
‘Church Fathers like Papias heard of wandering prophets who drew crowds from Europe to Asia Minor, claiming to be the awaited Paraclete mentioned in John’s Gospel, bringing the final apocalyptic chapter of Jesus’ message. ‘
‘Misquoting Muhammad‘, Jonathan AC Brown p. 165
This shows that there were people, early in the history of Christianity, who understood the Paraclete to be a prophet who would come after Jesus (p). Christians should look into Prophet Muhammad (p) as indeed he is the Prophet after Prophet Jesus (p).
NB Brown references Robert M. Grant, ‘Historical Criticism in the Ancient Church,’ 188-189
(Thanks to Yahya Snow for this)
I have just done a Google search for Robert Grant’s article and managed to read it online here:
The first thing that surprised me: the article was written in 1945! Not exactly the latest scholarship. Then came the further surprise: no mention of Papias or ‘wandering prophets who drew crowds from Europe to Asia Minor’! See the screen prints:
Jonathan Brown sets the record straight about his ‘error’.
In this post I suggested that Jonathan Brown had made an error in his latest book Misquoting Muhammad. I contacted him about this and here is his reply. He admits that his statement was ‘ambiguous’ but he does not consider it requires correction.